Following conversations with politicians, diplomats and political consultants, the BNS supplies the principle arguments for and towards the proposed modifications.
For the modifications. The custom have to be modified if it isn’t good for the nation. Dalia Grybauskaite deserved a spot in Brussels for her private abilities. Lithuania isn’t the primary European nation the place such disputes are resolved by means of authorized amendments or the Constitutional Court docket. Poland, Romania and Finland have additionally been by means of such conditions, and the give attention to these points reveals that the federal government is extra involved with the European agenda.
Towards modifications. The HU-LCD is making use of double requirements in its try to increase its affect because the social gathering itself has let Grybauskaite take its place within the European Council, and now needs to take that away from its political opponent Gitanas Nauseda immediately. The harmonization of the powers of heads of state based on their private qualities or their political affiliation is incompatible with the Western democratic custom.
For the modifications. Lithuania’s relations with the EU shouldn’t be seen as overseas coverage relations because the EU differs from conventional worldwide organizations when it comes to taking and implementing choices. EU competence is straight linked to nationwide authorities coverage, EU regulation can apply straight and is above nationwide regulation. Even when EU overseas coverage points had been taken into consideration, the involvement of the Prime Minister wouldn’t be a mistake as a result of, underneath the Structure, the federal government implements overseas coverage in cooperation with the President. The president can’t be affiliated with a political social gathering, subsequently, he doesn’t take part within the conferences of European events which are sometimes held earlier than European Council conferences, which undermines the affect of the president after which the nation.
Towards modifications. The president has the constitutional energy to resolve main overseas coverage points. The European Council defines the EU’s frequent overseas and safety coverage. The EU is a world group, though it is rather particular, subsequently it can’t be denied that it’s a part of overseas coverage, particularly since in Lithuania the Ministry of International Affairs is accountable for coordinate European points. Any restriction launched by the Seimas or the federal government on attending European Council conferences would violate the President’s constitutional rights within the discipline of overseas coverage. Even when issues into account fell inside the purview of the chief authorities, the president may nonetheless resolve them as a result of he’s a part of the chief authorities and ministers are accountable to the president. Any rotation between the President and the Prime Minister based on the issues is virtually inconceivable as a result of the classes typically contain totally different topics, and the European Council is a political membership the place the participation of a single particular person would guarantee continuity. No EU nation has applied a rotation. And social gathering affiliation shouldn’t be overestimated as a result of leaders characterize nations and never events. Furthermore, Simonyte isn’t a member of the social gathering both.
For the modifications. The Seimas and the federal government, not the president, play a key position in shaping European laws. The selections of the European Council can have a significant affect on EU regulation. Lithuania’s place is confirmed by the Seimas and the federal government, and because of the autonomy of the president, there is no such thing as a technique to assure that the accredited mandate can be revered because the president isn’t accountable to the Seimas . The provisions of the Statute of the Seimas are designed for the participation of the Prime Minister within the European Council.
Towards modifications. Sensible problems with how the time period of the president is aligned with the tenure of the Seimas had been efficiently resolved throughout Grybauskaite’s presidential time period after a provision was put in place for the president to attend conferences with the place beforehand agreed upon. from Lithuania. The European Council doesn’t undertake laws, it adopts choices and political pointers, which is appropriate with the position of the President. Nauseda acquired the nation’s mandate when he defeated Simonyte within the presidential election, and nobody questioned the president’s tenure within the European Council through the election marketing campaign.
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